Biography of Pablo Picasso

1881 Pablo Ruiz Picasso is born in Malaga, Spain on 25 October. His father, José Ruiz, is a painter and professor at the Malaga School of Art.
1892 Beginning of Pablo Picasso's art training
1895 Picasso's father accepts a professorship in Barcelona. Pablo Picasso passes his entrance examination for the Escuela Provincial de Bellas Artes in Barcelona
1897 Picasso commences studies at the Academia de San Fernando
1899 Picasso produces his first graphic work. The Spaniard realises that he failed to consider that the image would be reversed when printed and calls the etching El Zurdo (The Left-handed Man).
1904 Pablo Picasso travels to Paris for the fourth time, decides to stay and moves into a studio in the Bateau-Lavoir
1905 Picasso makes a series of graphic works dealing mainly with circus performers and social misfits. In 1913, the art dealer Ambroise Vollard publishes these works as a "Suite".
1907 Picasso meets George Braque, with whom he develops Cubism. Work on the painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
1917 Designs the sets for the Ballet Parade
1918 Picasso marries Olga Koklova, a dancer in a Russian ballet troupe
1921 His son Paolo is born
1925 Takes part in the first Surrealist exhibition in Paris
1927 Picasso gets to know the young Marie-Thérèse Walter
1930 Etchings for Ovid's Metamorphoses
1935 separation from Olga, birth of daughter Maya from the liaison with Marie-Thérèse Walter. The main graphic work of the thirties is the etching Minotauromachie in which Picasso reworks his tense personal situation as a "private allegory".
1936 Meets Dora Maar
1937 The Suite Vollard, a series of one hundred etchings revolving around the theme of artistry and the classical pictorial universe, is published by the art dealer of that name. Picasso paints the monumental mural Guernica for the Spanish pavilion at the World Fair
1943 In May, Picasso makes the acquaintance of Françoise Gilot, who becomes the model of choice in his lithographs
1945 In November Picasso calls at the studio of the printer Fernand Mourlot and begins to take an intense interest in the art of lithography
1946 Picasso spends several months in Cap d'Antibes, where he is given rooms in the Château Grimaldi to use as a studio
1947 Picasso makes his first ceramics in the Madura pottery workshop in Vallauris. His son Claude is born
1948 Picasso settles down on the Côte d'Azur and moves into the La Galloise villa in Vallauris
1949 The lithograph The Dove is created and used as a poster motif for the World Peace Congress in Paris. Daughter Paloma is born
1953 Separation from Françoise Gilot
1955 Picasso opens a series of variations on the works of famous artist colleagues with The Women of Algiers after E. Delacroix
1956 Picasso's first linocuts are made in the Arnéra printshop in Vallauris
1957 Beginning of the cycle of illustrations for Tauromachia, a late 18th century bullfighting textbook
1958 Buys the palace of Vauvenargues, not far from Aix-en-Provence
1961 Picasso marries Jacqueline Roque, who has been his companion since his separation from Françoise Gilot. Moves to a house in Mougins called Notre-Dame-de-Vie
1968 Picasso does a series of 347 prints in less than seven months
1970 Work begins on a series of 156 prints. They will not be published until after Picasso dies
1973 Pablo Picasso dies on 8 April in his house in Mougins. He is buried on 10 April in the garden of his palace in Vauvenargues. After Jacqueline dies on15 October 1986 the sculpture Woman With Vase (1933) is placed above the common grave of Jacqueline und Pablo Picasso